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Types of Electric Bikes Explained for Beginners

By Sam Millers   /  Last updated - December 29, 2023

different types of ebikes

As time progresses, the number of different types of electric bikes increases with the demand. Although reliable e-bikes are still somewhat of a new thing (let’s count in the past decade) there is still plenty of room for development, so let’s keep our eyes open.

Down below we’ve listed a bunch of different types of electric bicycles to get a brief overview of what’s out there. Check out our ebike guide down below to find answers to your questions.

Table of Contents

#1 E-Bike Motors

#2 E-Bike Drivetrains

#3 E-Bike Batteries

#4 The Different Types of E-Bikes 🏆

#5 E-Bike Classes

1. Electric Bike Motors

ebike motors

  • Motor Types – Mid-drive, Hub motor, 2WD, Brushed / Brushless
  • Motor Powers – 250W / 500W / 750W / 1,000W

Two main types of e-bikes come with either an e-bike motor placed in the bottom bracket (mid-drive) or in the rear wheel hub (hub motor).

On rare occasions, you’ll see e-bikes with a front-wheel drive, or two-wheel drive, also known as AWD e-bikes.

Hub drive e-Bike motors

Also known as the hub motor

  • Wide-spread among affordable eBikes
    *Except hunting eBikes, and some eRoad bikes that are equipped with a hub motor
  • Better direct torque levels due to more weight on the rear wheel
  • Throttle option available (Which is great in case you’d snap a chain)

Mid-drive e-Bike motors

Also known as the direct-drive motor

  • More economical
  • Used on mid to high-end ebikes
  • More natural ride feel due to better weight distribution
  • Mainly pedal-assist
  • Expensive

Related – Hub vs Mid-drive eBikes

2WD / All Wheel Drive e-Bike motors

  • Motor on the front and rear hub for maximum traction
  • Expensive all-terrain fat tire electric bikes

Important E-Bike Terminology

W = Watts. Motor power.

Average range:

  • Mid-Drive: 250W
  • Hub Motor: 750W
  • 2WD: 1,000W+

Nm = Torque in Newton meters.

Average range: 40Nm – 100Nm

  • 40Nm – City commuters, Single-speed eBikes.
    Hub motor & mid-drive
  • 80Nm – Hub motor commuter bikes, mid-drive electric mountain bikes
    Hub & Mid-drive
  • 100Nm – 160Nm – Rambo rear hub fat tire eBikes
    Hub motor

Higher torque = More power and a noticeable ‘kick’ = Fast acceleration = Great for steep hills and on heavy fat tire ebikes.

2. Electric Bike Drivetrains


Shimano Nexus Alfine internal gearing + a belt-drive. Priority Current E-Bike

  • Almost all electric bicycles are equipped with a single front chainring.
  • Most electric bikes are equipped with a derailleur & shifters
  • Belt-drive e-bikes are great yet niché alternative to chain & sprocket drivetrain due to their quiet, clean, and maintenance-free characteristics
  • Internally geared eBike motors are popular among belt-drive eBikes’ motors (Rambo Megaton, Priority Current)

3. Electric Bike Batteries

himiway ebike battery

Electric bike batteries play one of the most important roles besides the bikes’ motor itself. What most electric bike brands are striving for – is the latest battery technology available. In most cases, what people are looking for the most in an e-bike is the range one can reach on a single ride.

Ah = Amp hour

Determines the capacity of the battery. More Ah = better battery life and range.

Average e-Bike battery range: 8-12ah
6.9V – 17Ah on a larger scale

V = Volt

Determines the force of the electric flow from the battery to the motor. More volts = more power to run from the battery to the. More voltage = more torque = not as economical.

Average e-Bike battery voltage: 36V – 48V
*30V to 52V on a larger scale

Wh = Watt-hour (Ah x V = Wh)

Battery capacity

Average range: 250Wh – 750Wh

*A popular e-bike brand Rad Pad Power Bikes have a 750W motor, and a 672Wh battery – estimated range between 20-45miles, depending on which mode has been used.

4. Different Types of Electric Bikes

Almost every single bike type has an electric version as well, but the three main eBike types are:

1. Commuter Bikes

2. Performance Bikes

3. Utility Bikes

1. E-bikes for commuting

EBikes to get you from A to B in comfort.

Hybrid – Comfortable & upright riding position, great for paved and light gravel roads.

Fat – 3″ to 5″ wide eBikes that have become popular due to their multifunctional field of use.

Cruiser – One of the most comfortable and laid-back bikes around.

City – Electric city bikes are the most basic to get around town.

2. Performance e-bikes

for training purposes

Electric Road Bikes – Generally Class 1 eBikes with max. assisted speed of 20mph. Great for going longer routes or hilly terrains.

Electric Mountain Bikes – Hardtail and full-suspensions with an extra oomph and suspension.

Electric Gravel Bikes – Fastest on/off road commuters.

3. Utility E-bikes

for hauling heavy loads, off-road riding, or multi-purpose bikes

Folding – Foldable eBikes must be one of the best-selling e-bike types on the market. What’s there not to like about a 20″ bike that fits a wide array of riders, and it can be folded compact

Cargo – Electric cargo bikes are bicycles that can be used for work, to haul pets and kids. E-Assisted motor on a e-cargo bike is usually stronger than on other types of ebikes.

Hunting – Mountain/Fat tire bike inspired eBikes that are also great for fishing

5. Electric Bike Classes

commencalusa e bike for kids

Class 1 eBike – Pedal-assisted electric bike.

Speed limited to 20mph.
Motor power limited to 750W.
Also known as a pedelec

Class 2 eBike – Throttle ebike with an optional pedal-assist

Speed limited to 20mph
Motor power limited to 750W

Class 3 eBike – Pedal-assist & optional throttle.

Speed limited to 28mph
Motor power limited to 750W

Class 4 eBike – Unlimited power & speed electric bikes with pedals.

Any eBike which has a higher assisted speed of 28mph, or power power over 750W is considered as a class 4 eBike.

Read More:

Electric Bike Rules & Regulations in the US
A Guide to Electric Bike Classes: Class 1, 2 & 3 Explained


Best Electric City Bikes

Best Electric Bikes Under $1,500

Best Electric Bikes You Can Buy

About the Author

Sam Millers

Sam Millers is the guy behind Bikexchange.com. From the early days of three wheels to conquering challenging mountain trails, Sam's love for cycling knows no bounds. With a background in web development, Sam seamlessly combined two of his greatest passions – cycling and technology. As the creative force behind Bikexchange.com, he shares insightful stories, expert tips, and engaging content for fellow cycling enthusiasts. When he's not exploring new biking routes or tweaking website codes, Alex enjoys sipping on a post-ride espresso and planning his next cycling adventure.