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Types of Electric Bikes

As time progresses, the number of different types of electric bikes increases with the demand. Although reliable e-bikes are still somewhat of a new thing (let’s count in the past decade) there is still plenty of room for development, so let’s keep our eyes opened.

Down below we’ve listed a bunch of different types of electric bicycles to get a brief overview of what’s out there. Check out our ebike guide down below to find answers to your questions.


 

Table of Contents

E-Bike Motors

E-Bike Drivetrains

E-Bike Batteries

Types of E-Bikes

E-Bike Classes


 

 

 

Electric Bike Motors


Motor Types – Mid-drive, Hub motor, 2WD

Motor Powers – 250W / 500W / 750W / 1,000W

Brushed / Brushless

Two main types of e-bikes come with either a motor placed in the bottom bracket (mid-drive) or in the rear wheel hub (hub motor).

On rare occasions, you’ll see e-bikes with a front wheel drive, or two-wheel drive, also known as AWD e-bikes.

ebike motors

Hub drive e-Bike motors

Also known as the hub motor

  • Wide-spread among affordable eBikes
    *Except hunting eBikes, and some eRoad bikes that are equipped with a hub motor
  • Better direct torque levels due to more weight on the rear wheel
  • Throttle option available (Which is great in case you’d snap a chain)

Mid drive e-Bike motors

Also known as the direct drive motor

  • More economical
  • Used on mid to high-end ebikes
  • More natural ride feel due to better weight distribution
  • Mainly pedal-assist
  • Expensive

2WD / All Wheel Drive e-Bike motors

  • Motor on the front and rear hub for maximum traction
  • Expensive all-terrain fat tire electric bikes

 

Terminology


W = Watts. Motor power.

Average range:

  • Mid-Drive: 250W
  • Hub Motor: 750W
  • 2WD: 1,000W+

Nm = Torque in Newton meters.
Average range: 40Nm – 100Nm

  • 40Nm – City commuters, Single-speed eBikes.
    Hub motor & mid-drive
  • 80Nm – Hub motor commuter bikes, mid-drive electric mountain bikes
    Hub & Mid-drive
  • 100Nm – 160Nm – Rambo rear hub fat tire eBikes
    Hub motor

Higher torque = More power and a noticeable ‘kick’ = Fast acceleration = Great for steep hills and on heavy fat tire ebikes.

 

 

 

Electric Bike Drivetrains


Single-speed / Geared

Belt drive / Chain & Derailleur / Internal Gearing

  • Almost all electric bicycles are equipped with a single front chainring.
  • Most electric bikes are equipped with a derailleur & shifters
  • Belt-drive e-bikes are great yet niché alternative to chain & sprocket drivetrain due to their quiet, clean and maintenance free characteristics
    Related – Best Belt Drive eBikes / Best Belt-Drive Bicycles / Belt Drive PROs & CONs
  • Internally geared eBike motors are popular among belt-drive eBikes’ motors
    Rambo Megaton, Priority Current
PRIORITY CURRENT E-BIKE

Shimano Nexus Alfine internal gearing + a belt-drive. Priority Current E-Bike

 

 

 

Electric Bike Batteries


Electric bike batteries play one of the most important role besides the bikes’ motor itself. What most electric bike brands are striving for – is the latest battery technology available. In most cases, what people are looking the most in an e-bike is the range once can reach on a single ride.

 

Ah = Amp hour
Determines the capacity of the battery. More Ah = better battery life and range.

Average e-Bike battery range: 8-12ah
6.9V – 17Ah on a larger scale

V = Volt
Determines the force of the electric flow from the battery to the motor. More volts = more power to run from the battery to the. More voltage = more torque = not as economical.

Average e-Bike battery voltage: 36V – 48V
*30V to 52V on a larger scale

Wh = Watt hour
(Ah x V = Wh)

Battery capacity

Average range: 250Wh – 750Wh

*A popular e-bike brand Rad Pad Power Bikes have a 750W motor, and a 672Wh battery – estimated range between 20-45miles, depending on which mode has been used.

himiway ebike battery

 

 

Different Types of Electric Bikes


What are the different types of electric bikes?

Almost every single bike type has an electric version made after, but the three main eBikes types are; 1. Commuting 2. Performance 3. Utility.

 

1. E-bikes for commuting

EBikes to get you from A to B in comfort.

Hybrid – Comfortable & upright riding position, great for paved and light gravel roads

Fat – 3″ to 5″ wide eBikes that have become popular due to their multifunctional field of use

Cruiser – One of the most comfortable and laid-back bikes around.

 

2. Performance e-bikes

for training purposes

Electric Road Bikes – Generally Class 1 eBikes with max. assisted speed of 20mph. Great for going longer routes or hilly terrains.

Electric Mountain Bikes – Hardtail and full-suspensions with an extra oomph.

Electric Gravel Bikes – Fastest on/off road commuters.

 

3. Utility E-bikes

for hauling heavy loads, off-road riding, or multi-purpose bikes

Folding – Foldable eBikes must be one of the best-selling e-bike types on the market. What’s there not to like about a 20″ bike that fits a wide array of riders, and it can be folded compact

Cargo – Electric cargo bikes are bicycles that can be used fork work, to haul pets and kids. E-Assisted motor on a e-cargo bike is

Hunting – Mountain/Fat tire bike inspired eBikes that are also great for fishing

different types of ebikes

 

 

 

Electric Bike Classes


Class 1 eBike – Pedal-assisted electric bike.
Speed limited to 20mph.
Motor power limited to 750W.
Also known as a pedelec

Class 2 eBike – Throttle ebike with an optional pedal-assist
Speed limited to 20mph
Motor power limited to 750W

Class 3 eBike – Pedal-assist & optional throttle.
Speed limited to 28mph
Motor power limited to 750W

Class 4 eBike – Unlimited power & speed electric bikes with pedals.
Any eBike which has a higher assisted speed of 28mph, or power power over 750W is considered as a class 4 eBike.

commencalusa e bike for kids

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